Social Mapper: A Social Media Enumeration & Correlation Tool
by Jacob Wilkin(Greenwolf)
Social Mapper is an Open Source Intelligence Tool that uses facial recognition to correlate social media profiles across different sites on a large scale. It takes an automated approach to search popular social media sites for targets' names and pictures to accurately detect and group a person’s presence, outputting the results into report that a human operator can quickly review.
Social Mapper has a variety of uses in the security industry, for example the automated gathering of large amounts of social media profiles for use on targeted phishing campaigns. Facial recognition aids this process by removing false positives in the search results, so that reviewing this data is quicker for a human operator.
Social Mapper supports the following social media platforms:
- Google Plus
Social Mapper takes a variety of input types such as:
- An organisation's name, searching via LinkedIn
- A folder full of named images
- A CSV file with names and URL’s to images online
Usecases (Why you want to run this)
Social Mapper is primarily aimed at Penetration Testers and Red Teamers, who will use it to expand their target lists and find their social media profiles. From here what you do is only limited by your imagination, but here are a few ideas to get started:
(Note: Social Mapper does not perform these attacks, it gathers you the data you need to perform them on a mass scale.)
- Create fake social media profiles to 'friend' the targets and send them links or malware. Recent statistics show social media users are more than twice as likely to click on links and open documents compared to those delivered via email.
- Trick users into disclosing their emails and phone numbers with vouchers and offers to make the pivot into phishing, vishing or smishing.
- Create custom phishing campaigns for each social media site, knowing that the target has an account. Make these more realistic by including their profile picture in the email. Capture the passwords for password reuse.
- View target photos looking for employee access card badges and familiarise yourself with building interiors.
These instructions will show you the requirements for and how to use Social Mapper.
As this is a Python based tool, it should theoretically run on Linux, ChromeOS (Developer Mode) and macOS. The main requirements are Firefox, Selenium and Geckodriver. To install the tool and set it up follow these 4 steps:
1.Install the latest version of Mozilla Firefox for macOS here:
Or for Debian/Kali (but not required for Ubuntu) get the non-ESR version of Firefox with:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mozillateam/firefox-next && sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
Make sure the new version of Firefox is in the path. If not manually add it.
2. Install the Geckodriver for your operating system and make sure it's in your path, on Mac you can place it in
/usr/local/bin, on ChromeOS you can place it in
/usr/local/bin, and on Linux you can place it in
Download the latest version of Geckodriver here:
- Install the required libraries:
On Linux install the following prerequisites:
sudo apt-get install build-essential cmake sudo apt-get install libgtk-3-dev sudo apt-get install libboost-all-dev
On Linux & macOS finish the install with:
git clone https://github.com/Greenwolf/social_mapper cd social_mapper/setup python -m pip install --no-cache-dir -r requirements.txt
On Mac look through the setup/setup-mac.txt file to view some additional xcode, brew and xquartz installation instructions.
- Provide Social Mapper with credentials to log into social media services:
Open social_mapper.py and enter social media credentials into global variables at the top of the file
- For Facebook, make sure the language of the account which you have provided credentials for is set to 'English (US)' for the duration of the run. Additionally make sure all of your accounts are working, and can be logged into without requiring 2 factor authentication.
Using Social Mapper
Social Mapper is run from the command-line using a mix of required and optional parameters. You can specify options such as input type and which sites to check alongside a number of other parameters which affect speed and accuracy.
To start up the tool 4 parameters must be provided, an input format, the input file or folder and the basic running mode:
-f, --format : Specify if the -i, --input is a 'name', 'csv', 'imagefolder' or 'socialmapper' resume file -i, --input : The company name, a CSV file, imagefolder or Social Mapper HTML file to feed into Social Mapper -m, --mode : 'fast' or 'accurate' allows you to choose to skip potential targets after a first likely match is found, in some cases potentially speeding up the program x20
Additionally at least one social media site to check must be selected by including one or more of the following:
-a, --all : Selects all of the options below and checks every site that Social Mapper has credentials for -fb, --facebook : Check Facebook -tw, --twitter : Check Twitter -ig, --instagram : Check Instagram -li, --linkedin : Check LinkedIn -gp, --googleplus : Check Google Plus -vk, --vkontakte : Check VKontakte -wb, --weibo : Check Weibo -db, --douban : Check Douban
Additional optional parameters can also be set to add additional customisation to the way Social Mapper runs:
-t, --threshold : Customises the facial recognition threshold for matches, this can be seen as the match accuracy. Default is 'standard', but can be set to 'loose', 'standard', 'strict' or 'superstrict'. For example 'loose' will find more matches, but some may be incorrect. While 'strict' may find less matches but also contain less false positives in the final report. -cid, --companyid : Additional parameter to add in a LinkedIn Company ID for if name searches are not picking the correct company. -s, --showbrowser : Makes the Firefox browser visible so you can see the searches performed. Useful for debugging. -v, --version : Display current version. -e, --email : Provide a fuzzy email format like "<f><last>@domain.com" to generate additional CSV files for each site with firstname, lastname, fullname, email, profileURL, photoURL. These can be fed into phishing frameworks such as Gophish or Lucy.
Here are a couple of example runs to get started for differing use cases:
A quick run for Facebook and Twitter on some targets you have in an imagefolder, that you plan to manually review and don't mind some false positives: python social_mapper.py -f imagefolder -i ./mytargets -m fast -fb -tw An exhaustive run on a large company where false positives must be kept to a minimum: python social_mapper.py -f company -i "SpiderLabs" -m accurate -a -t strict A large run that needs to be split over multiple sessions due to time, the first run doing LinkedIn and Facebook, with the second resuming and filling in Twitter, Google Plus and Instagram: python social_mapper.py -f company -i "SpiderLabs" -m accurate -li -fb python social_mapper.py -f socialmapper -i ./SpiderLabs-social-mapper-linkedin-facebook.html -m accurate -tw -gp -ig A quick run (~5min) without facial recognition to generate a CSV full of names, email addresses, profiles and photo links from up to 1000 people pulled out of a LinkedIn company, where the email format is known to be "firstname.lastname": python social_mapper.py -f company -i "SpiderLabs" -m accurate -li -e "<first>.<last>@spiderlabs.com"
Social Media sites often change their page formats and class names, if Social Mapper isn't working for you on a specific site, check out the docs section for troubleshooting advice on how to fix it. Please feel free to submit a pull request with your fixes.
For a guide to loading your Social Mapper results into Maltego, check out the docs section.
If this tool has been useful for you, feel free to thank me by buying me a coffee :)
- Thanks to Vincent Yiu & MDSEC for their great LinkedInt tool which inspired me to add the search by LinkedIn company name input method.
- Thanks to ewpratten, cclauss, TADT1909, Molkree and kix-s for their contributions to the project.
- Thanks to
[Your Name Could Be Here, Come Help Out!]for contributions to the project.
The project has been originally published at: https://github.com/Greenwolf/social_mapper
About the Author
Jacob is an experienced Security Consultant working in the penetration testing industry to provide high quality network and web application assessments. He has hacked his way into multiple banks and financial organisations, identifying catastrophic vulnerabilities which could have led to millions in potential damages. He is an Offensive Security Certified Professional(OSCP), Offensive Security Certified Expert(OSCE) and holds a Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science from the University of Reading. He is also skilled in a variety of programming languages and regularly creates security assessment tools. His work includes the open source tools Social Attacker, Social Mapper, Spray and Attack Surface Mapper. Jacob is also an experience speaker who has been invited to present at multiple conferences, such as BlackHat 2019, DEF CON, Blackhat 2018 and a Department of Homeland Security Event.