Dear PenTest Readers,
In the current edition we would like to provide you with up-to-date insights of API Pentesting as our main topic. Our contributors brought to the table 3 amazing articles on this extremely important aspect of pentesting. “Android APIs Hacking” by Gabrielle Botbol provides a wonderful insight into increasing security risks that have risen with the popularity of APIs in web apps - a great read with practical examples!
Sandeep Kumar Singh analyzes the most common mistakes in API security: improper authorization and access control, using the authentication mechanism that can be bypassed, or ignoring security headers, to name a few.
Jose Antonio dos Santos Barbosa introduces readers to the realm of methodologies and tools used in API pentesting - this is a must have for every ethical hacker!
As usual, there are also other very interesting articles and tutorials on miscellaneous cybersecurity topic. You’ll read about ChatGPT, ethical implications of AI, AI’s impact on intelligence service, blockchain security, or SDR. We would also like to point your attention to a thorough analysis of WIPER malware by Nayana MG, as this article was particularly acclaimed by our reviewers.
Without further ado,
Let’s dive in and enjoy the reading!
PenTest Magazine’s Editorial Team
Table of Contents
Android APIs Hacking
by Gabrielle Botbol
In this article, we will explore the importance of APIs for developers, how to find API endpoints in Android applications, and the vulnerabilities that APIs are susceptible to. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of the security risks associated with APIs and how to perform a penetration test to identify and address potential vulnerabilities in your Android application's APIs.
API Security Common Mistakes
by Sandeep Kumar Singh
As per Rapid’s 4th annual State of APIs Report, 70% of developers indicate they will increase API usage this year, while 63% note that they utilized APIs more in 2022 than they did the previous year. With growing API adaption, there has been an increase in vulnerabilities seen with the production APIs. APIs have become a popular target for attackers. Designing and building secure APIs by following security best practices is critical to protect your customer data and applications. This article highlights common mistakes that are seen with API Services.
Methodology and Tools Used in API Testing - Introduction
by Jose Antonio dos Santos Barbosa
Performing pentests in APIs for many is a complex task, especially in some cases that do not have documentation to facilitate testing, thus having to perform a black box test that may or may not bring significant results.In addition, doubts arise about tools and methods that can be used to test an API, mainly because it contains different types of designs and protocols. Therefore, testing a REST API, SOAP and GRAPHQL requires knowing a little about the architecture of each one in order to be able to collect information and exploit vulnerabilities effectively.
ChatGPT for Pentesters
by Chaitanya S Rao, Arpitha S
In this article, we will explore how ChatGPT is helpful with respect to the areas in security, like Source code analysis, Reconnaissance, Manual Penetration testing, DevSecOps, and Automation of security tasks like: Creating Burp Suite Extensions, Generating Pentest Reports, creating standalone tools to identify vulnerabilities and so on.
by Nayana MG
Wiper malware is definitely a very powerful and dangerous malware that can completely destroy all your data. This Russia Ukraine case has set a major position to this kind of malware in the whole world and has set a question mark before the digital world. Malware is dangerous, and it should definitely be handled carefully and all the precautionary measures should be followed because we never know who will be the next victim.
The Role Of Blockchain Technology In Supply Chains Against Cyber Threats
by Enoch Anbu Arasu
The use of blockchain technology in supply chains has the potential to significantly enhance the security and resilience of supply chains against cyber threats. This paper explores the fundamentals of blockchain technology for supply chain management, potential security attacks in blockchain-based supply chains, and the security of smart contracts and their execution environment. It also examines how every link in the supply chain can be secured against cyber threats, and evaluates whether blockchain technology can indeed improve the cybersecurity of supply chains.
Could OpenAI's ChatGPT be a Game-changer for United States Intelligence Agencies?
by Tara Lemieux
The United States Intelligence Community (USIC) faces an ever-evolving landscape of cyber threats. In this high-stakes environment, it is crucial for intelligence agencies to stay ahead of emerging risks. OpenAI's ChatGPT, a state-of-the-art language model, has the potential to revolutionize the way the USIC approaches cybersecurity. This powerful tool can be leveraged within classified environments for data collection and analysis, threat modeling and simulation, predictive analysis, and pattern recognition, and anomaly detection.
Exploring the Boundaries: Legal and Ethical Considerations of Generative Artificial Intelligence in Penetration Testing and the CFAA
by Victoria Walters, Yu Cai
Ensuring the ethical use of AI is crucial to establish its safety, responsibility, and deserving trust. Addressing ethical considerations is seen as the most significant challenge in the AI era, encompassing fairness, accountability, transparency, and privacy. Collaboration among stakeholders is vital to establish policies and guidelines that govern AI development and deployment, aligning it with societal values for the benefit of humanity.
Penetration Test Need-To-Know
by Bastian Angerstein
While penetration testing is an important tool for identifying vulnerabilities and improving the security of an organization's systems, it is important to recognize that there are some limits to what a penetration test can accomplish.
SDR - Starting with Signal Hacking
by Andrea Cavallini
Not all sensible data is exposed on the Internet through the IP transport layer. Some particular data are transmitted using radio waves or frequencies that are needed for specific types of attacks for this new perimeter, much different considering our normal ethical hacker activities (we cannot use NMAP for example in order to do first analysis based on the network because we have no IP layer as mentioned before). In order to reduce the attack perimeter in this new situation, some companies don’t allow their employees to have devices that can meddle with computer range. But, first of all, can we define radio frequencies in order to speak about that argument without any blunder?